In general elections with a single position to fill, the candidate with the most votes wins. In party races, however, multiple positions may need to be filled by multiple candidates, some of whom may be elected and others not. Appendix A voting is ideal when lots of candidates are running for multiple positions within a race. Appendix A eliminates the possibility of one person getting several times as many votes as they need to be elected with many others not getting any votes at all.
For example, this occurs when numerous but limited delegate positions are available for a convention and we have more candidates than positions. Appendix A voting considers the number of positions to be filled and the number of votes cast. Then, each candidate must reach a quota number of votes to be elected. To determine the quota, we calculate
Votes / (Positions + 1) = Quota
in which the quota is rounded up to the higher whole number. Candidates need to reach the quota number of votes before they’re elected.
Because voters elect multiple candidates, they also vote for multiple candidates. Voters fill out multi-lined ballots, prioritizing their selections. Their first choice should be first, their second choice should be on line two, and so on.
When tallying results, ballots are drawn and counted randomly, with each being numbered so that the sequence can be done again if needed.
A candidate listed first on a ballot drawn late in tally may already have achieved quota and been declared elected. In that case, the candidate on the second line of the ballot gets the vote. If the second choice candidate has also been declared elected, the candidate on the third line gets the vote.
Only one vote gets recorded for each ballot.